January 1859 - A group of settlers gather to discuss plans to develop a new town, which will become Iola.
Feb. 8, 1859 - Eudora was officially incorporated under the territorial laws of Kansas Territory.
Feb. 11, 1859 - The Atchison and Topeka Railroad Company charter, written single-handedly by Cyrus K. Holliday in January, was approved by the state's governor for the purpose of building a rail line from Topeka, Kansas, to Santa Fe, New Mexico, and then on to the Gulf of Mexico.
Feb. 11, 1859 - An Act was passed in the Legislature formally organizing the counties of Wise, Butler and Chase
Jun. 2, 1859 - At an early hour on the morning on this date, the whole community was thrown into commotion, if not consternation, by a band of about one hundred Kaw Indians who came galloping into Council Grove all painted, feathered, and fully equipped for war.
Jul. 23, 1859 - A party of men from Lawrence, led by Maj. James B. Abbot, successfully broke Dr. John Doy out of the St. Joseph, Missouri jail, where he was being held for assisting slaves to escape via the Underground Railway.
Aug. 29, 1859 - The first issue of the Olathe Herald appeared, and was the first paper published in Johnson County.
Oct. 4, 1859 - The Wyandotte Constitution was approved in a referendum by a vote of 10,421 to 5,530.
Dec. 18, 1859 - The first marriage in Clay County occurred. The contracting parties were Lorenzo Gates, the first Postmaster on Mall Creek, and Miss Lucinda Gill.
Dec. 27, 1859 - The first wedding in Sabetha was that of W. G. Sargent and Fanny Gertrude Whittenhall.