Feb. 4, 1856 - Thomas Totton was appointed clerk of Anderson county.
Apr. 23, 1856 - Douglas County Sheriff Samuel Jones was killed while attempting to make an arrest in Lawrence.
This killing set off the chain of events that resulted in the Sack of Lawrence.
April, 1856 - Moses, William and Jerome Younkens and John P. King, settled near the mouth of Timber Creek in Clay County, becoming the first residents in what would soon become the county.
May 21, 1856 - Marshal Donaldson, with a posse of several hundred men, and some pieces of artillery, appeared on Mount Oread, the hill overlooking Lawrence, in what was the opening action of the Sack of Lawrence.
May, 1856 - The first town in Anderson County was laid out at this time. It was originally named named Kansas City, and was located on Iantha Creek on the west half of section 27 and the east half of section 28, township 19 south, range 18 east. Dr. G.W. Cooper, from Louisville, Kentucky, laid out the town. Its name was soon changed to Iantha.
May, 1856 - John Brown's belief in confrontation led him to kill five pro-slavery southerners in what became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre.
Jun. 3, 1856 - John Brown took future Confederate Colonel Henry C. Pate and 22 other proslavery soldiers prisoner at the Battle of Black Jack near Baldwin City.
Jun. 15, 1856 - The first recorded marriage in Bourbon County was that of William R. Morgan to Miss Elizabeth Bollinger.
July 1856 - An election was held in Fort Scott, Kansas, at which there were about three hundred armed men from Missouri who cast pro-slavery votes. At the time, there were probably not more than thirty legal voters in the precinct.
Nov. 17, 1856 - The land of the Delaware Indian Tribe in Kansas were put up for sale by the proclamation of the President of the United States, Franklin Pierce.