The Early History of Effingham
Frank W. Blackmar (1912)
Effingham, an incorporated town in Atchison county, is located in the southwestern portion on the Missouri Pacific R. R. 18 miles southwest of Atchison. The town was started soon after the building of the old Central Branch R. R. and was a thriving community early in the '80s. If was laid out on a part of the McGilvery farm, and from the first was the supply and shipping town for a large and rich agricultural district. Several churches were established at an early day; there were several general stores and a graded school in 1882, and since that time the town has continued to grow. It has a lumber yard, general stores, hotel, implement houses, 2 banks, a money order postoffice, a weekly newspaper (the New Leaf), telegraph and express facilities, and is one of the leading towns of the western part of the county. In 1910 it had a population of 674. Effingham is the seat of the county high school.
Effingham is located at 39°31'22N, 95°23'55W (39.522774, -95.398633). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 km² (0.5 mi²), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 588 people, 236 households, and 155 families residing in the city. The population density was 420.4/km² (1,091.9/mi²). There were 255 housing units at an average density of 182.3/km² (473.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.28% White, 0.34% African American, 1.36% Native American, 0.51% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.51% of the population.
There were 236 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,656, and the median income for a family was $47,083. Males had a median income of $30,139 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,505. About 2.0% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.